As a qualified first aid instructor I am now going to tell you about first aid lifesaving skills.
Today I will present the subject of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). This is a first aid technique that can be used if someone is not breathing properly or if their heart has stopped. Chest compressions and rescue breaths keep blood and oxygen circulating in the body.
I will demonstrate my teaching with photographs. Even as a wee cuddly toy I can do chest compressions on a fully grown human adult as the photographs will show.
This article is no substitute for attending a proper certified first aid course such as those provied by the British Red Cross or St. John Ambulance. It is therefore advisable for all my monkey fans to attend a course provided by such an organisation and to practice your first aid skills with a qualified instructor.
STEP 1 – ASSESSING THE SITUATION AND PRIMARY SURVEY
Upon arriving onto the scene of an incident you are to assess the situation and carry out primary survey.
Use the letters DRSAB to remember the steps:
Shout for help
Danger: Check the area for any potential dangers such as broken glass or oncoming traffic etc… and if safe to do so make safe the area.
Response: Do they respond when you ask them “Hello, can you hear me?”. Do they respond when you gently shake their shoulders? If the answer is NO then we are to presume they are unconscious.
Shout for help: Shout for help for any potential passers-by to help you.
Airway: If they are unconscious then place one hand on the casualty’s forehead and two fingers under their chin. Gently tilt their head back and lift the chin. This will open up the airway.
Breathing: Check their breathing by maintaining the chin lift. Look, listen and feel for no more than 10 seconds:
– Look to see if the chest is rising and falling.
– Listen for breathing.
– Feel the breath against your cheek.
If they are not breathing then you need to start cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).
STEP 2 – CALL FOR HELP
Call 999 or 112 for an ambulance, or get someone else to do it.
Once help has been summoned you are to start cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).
STEP 3 – START CHEST COMPRESSIONS
Kneel down beside the casualty level with their chest.
Place the heel of one hand towards the end of their breastbone, in the centre of their chest.
Place the heel of your other hand on top of the first hand and interlock your fingers, making sure you keep the fingers off the ribs.
Lean over the casualty, with your arms straight, pressing down vertically on the breastbone, and press the chest down by 5-6cm (2-2½in) for an adult resuscitation.
Release the pressure without removing your hands from their chest. Allow the chest to come back up fully – this is one compression.
Repeat 30 times, at a rate of about twice a second.
STEP 4 – GIVE RESCUE BREATHS
Give two rescue breaths with the following procedure:
Ensure the casualty’s airway is open.
Pinch their nose firmly closed.
Take a deep breath and seal your lips around their mouth.
Blow into the mouth until the chest rises.
Remove your mouth and allow the chest to fall.
Repeat once more.
Carry on giving 30 chest compressions followed by two rescue breaths for as long as you can, or until help arrives.
If the casualty starts breathing normally again, stop CPR and put them in the recovery position.
Once your CPR manikin has fully recovered invite the manikin to dinner.
For more information about CPR please visit:
WEBMASTER NOTE: The information in this article does not substitute the need for attending a First Aid training course.